10 Risk factors for heart disease
- Gender: Females are less prone for heart disease till menopause
- Age: Chance of heart disease increases as age advances
- Family history: The more number of your close relatives who had premature heart disease, more likely you are to get it
These three are non modifiable risk factors, meaning that you can’t do anything to modify these risk factors.
- High blood pressure
- High blood sugar
- High level of fats (lipids) in the blood
- Sedentary lifestyle
These are known as modifiable risk factors, as you can do something about them. High blood pressure, sugar and lipid levels can be treated both by lifestyle modifications and medications. Overweight can be reduced by lifestyle modifications including cutting down on food intake and exercise. Smoking cessation will go a long way in reducing the risk of heart disease as well as cancer. Sedentary lifestyle is being recognised as being more and more important. Sitting for more than 5 hours a day is equivalent in risk to smoking. Standing desks and workplace exercise models are gradually gaining popularity.