What are the different types of heart disease?
Important types of heart diseases are congenital heart disease, rheumatic heart disease, hypertensive heart disease, ischemic heart disease and inflammatory heart disease. Congenital heart diseases are birth defects of the heart. Though they are present at birth, they need not manifest at birth. Many of them manifest only in adult life. Rheumatic heart disease is a sequelae of rheumatic fever and affects predominantly the valves of the heart, leading to valvular heart disease. Hypertensive heart disease occurs due to high blood pressure. Ischemic heart disease is due to decreased blood supply to the heart, usually as a result of partial or complete blocks in the coronary arteries which supply oxygenated blood to the heart muscle. Inflammatory heart disease could be secondary to infection or due to abnormal immune mechanisms. It can involve any of the three layers of the heart.