How to remove blood clots in coronary artery?
Coronary arteries are blood vessels supplying oxygenated blood to the heart. Clots in a coronary artery can block the blood flow to a region of the heart muscle, causing a heart attack (myocardial infarction). Clots in the coronary artery can be dissolved by clot busting drugs like streptokinase, urokinase, tissue plasminogen activator, tenecteplase or reteplase. Clots can also be removed by introducing a clot aspiration device (thrombus aspiration) into the coronary artery and sucking out the clot. Another type of device can fragment the clot using a jet and then suck it out. Still another method is to use a balloon catheter (a small tube with a balloon attached to the tip) to plaster the clot on to the artery wall and stent the vessel with a metallic tube known as coronary stent (coronary angioplasty and stenting). Thrombus aspiration can also be done prior to angioplasty and stenting, which in fact is probably the method of choice in current day practice as there is adequate good quality evidence in favor of this option.