Aerobic training

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Aerobic training

Aerobic exercises are those which stresses the oxygen transport system while resistance exercises stress the musculoskeletal system. Target heart rate for aerobic training is 70 percent of the maximum predicted heart rate. Maximum predicted heart rate is 220-age of the individual.

Usual types of aerobic training are brisk walking, jogging, running, cycling, hiking, dancing and swimming, though availability of each type will vary on the local conditions. Both aerobic and anaerobic exercises have a favourable effect on lipid metabolism. Physical inactivity is linked to 30% of coronary artery disease [1].

As per the 2010 World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation, those in the age group of 18 to 64 years, should perform at least 150 minutes of moderate intensity physical activity or 75 minutes of vigorous physical activity every week [2].

Aerobic activity involves large muscle groups which rely on aerobic metabolism, extracting energy as adenosine triphosphate (ATP) from amino acids, carbohydrates and fatty acids [3].

Reference

  1. Jonathan Myers. Cardiology Patient Pages. Exercise and Cardiovascular Health. Circulation. 2003 Jan 7;107(1):e2-5.
  2. WHO Guidelines Approved by the Guidelines Review Committee. Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2010.
  3. Harsh Patel, Hassan Alkhawam, Raef Madanieh, Niel Shah, Constantine E Kosmas, Timothy J Vittorio. Aerobic vs Anaerobic Exercise Training Effects on the Cardiovascular System. World J Cardiol. 2017 Feb 26;9(2):134-138.