Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) – Cardiology MCQ – Answer
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is defined as heart failure with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) more than:
Correct answer: b) 50%
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction was also known as diastolic heart failure. HFpEF is as common as heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) or systolic heart failure. As the population ages, HFpEF is becoming more common. Prognosis of both types are equivalent, but guideline directed medical therapy (GDMT) options are limited for HFpEF , compared to HFrEF.
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- Yancy CW, Jessup M, Bozkurt B, Butler J, Casey DE Jr, Colvin MM, Drazner MH, Filippatos GS, Fonarow GC, Givertz MM, Hollenberg SM, Lindenfeld J, Masoudi FA, McBride PE, Peterson PN, Stevenson LW, Westlake C. 2017 ACC/AHA/HFSA Focused Update of the 2013 ACCF/AHA Guideline for the Management of Heart Failure: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines and the Heart Failure Society of America. Circulation. 2017 Aug 8;136(6):e137-e161.