Milestones in surgery for congenital heart diseases

Milestones in surgery for congenital heart diseases

Ligation of patent ductus arteriosus in a seven and a half year old girl: Robert Gross, 1938, Boston [Gross RE, Hubbard JP. Surgical ligation of a patent ductus arteriosus: report of first successful case. JAMA 1939;112:729-31]
Surgical correction of aortic coarctation: Clarence Crafoord [Crafoord C, Nylin G. Congenital coarctation of the aorta and its surgical treatment. J Thorac Surg 1945;14:347-61]
Left subclavian artery to the ipsilateral pulmonary artery anastomosis in cyanotic patients with pulmonary stenosis or atresia (Blalock-Taussig shunt): Idea conceived by Helen B Taussig and surgery done by Alfred Blalock [Blalock A et al. Surgical treatment of malformations of the heart in which there is pulmonary stenosis or pulmonary atresia. JAMA 1945;128:189-202]
Surgical pulmonary valvotomy (closed heart procedure) for pulmonary stenosis: Richard Brock [Brock RC. Pulmonary Valvulotomy for the relief of congenital pulmonary stenosis. BMJ 1948;i:1121]
Heart lung machine for extracorporeal circulation, used for open heart surgery: Gibbon [Kirklin JW et al. Intracardiac surgery with the aid of a mechanical pump-oxygenator system (Gibbon-type): report of eight cases. Proc Staff Meet Mayo Clin 1955;30:201-6]
Surgery for tetralogy of Fallot [Kirklin JW et al. Factors affecting survival after open operation for tetralogy of Fallot. Ann Surg 1960;152:485]
Atrial based physiological correction of transposition of the great vessels [Mustard WT. Successful two-stage correction of transposition of the great vessels. Surgery 1964;55:469-72]
Right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit as a repair for truncus arteriosus [Rastelli GC et al. Homograft of ascending aorta and aortic valve as a right ventricular outflow: an experimental approach to the repair of truncus arteriosus. Arch Surg 1967;95:698-708]
Fontan repair for tricuspid atresia [Fontan F et al. Surgical repair of tricuspid atresia. Thorax 1971;26:240-8]
Arterial switch operation for transposition of great arteries [Jatene AD et al. Anatomic correction of transposition of the great vessels. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1976;72:364-70]
Cerebral protection by hypothermia [Barratt-Boyes BG et al. Primary repair of tetralogy of Fallot in infancy using profound hypothermia with circulatory arrest and limited cardiopulmonary bypass. Ann Surg 1973;178: 406-11]
Surgical correction of aortic atresia: Norwood, 1981. [Norwood WI et al. Experience with operations for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1981;81:239-44]
First successful cardiac transplantation in newborns: Loma Linda University Medical Center – 1985 [Fricker FJ et al. Experience with heart transplantation in children. Pediatrics 1987;79:138-46]

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